Compostela-Xunta de Galicia prize
Manuel Castells, XI International Prize Compostela Group-Xunta de Galicia
The Jury for the 2007, presided over by Mrs. Laura Sánchez Piñón, Regional Minister for Education and University Development of the Galician Government, and composed by Dr. Michael Cooper, President of the Compostela Group of Universities; Dr. Senén Barro Ameneiro, Rector of the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Dr. Enrique Zepeda Busto, Vice- Rector for Internationalization of the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (Mexico); Dr. Lars Haglund, delegate of the Rector of the University of Karlstad (Sweden); Ms. Ánxela Bugallo, Regional Minister for Culture and Sports; and Mr. José Ramón Leis Fidalgo, Regional Director for University Development and Quality of Galician University System, gathered last 11th May at the Rectorate of Santiago de Compostela University. The Jury decided unanimously to award this 2007 prize to Prof. Manuel Castells Oliván, in acknowledgment to his outstanding contribution to the study and analysis of the new technologies in order to make them more useful for cooperative research and education all over the world.
Prof. Castells was born in Spain in 1942. As a child he lived in Hellin, Albacete, Madrid, Cartagena, Valencia and Barcelona, where he completed his secondary education. He studied Law and Economics at the University of Barcelona in 1958-62. As a student activist against Franco’s dictatorship he had to escape to Paris, where he benefited from a political refugee fellowship, and graduated from the Sorbonne’s Faculty of Law and Economics in 1964. He went on to obtain his PhD in Sociology from the University of Paris in 1967. He also holds a Doctorat d’Etat in Human Sciences from the Sorbonne, and a doctorate in sociology from the University of Madrid. His PhD dissertation was based on a statistical analysis of location strategies of industrial firms in the Paris region. Manuel Castells started his academic career in 1967 at the University of Paris, teaching Methodology of Social Research, and researching on Urban Sociology. In 1972 he published his first book, La Question Urbaine that was translated into 10 languages and became popular all around the world. He was one of the intellectual founders of what came to be known as the New Urban Sociology. His main publications in this field are The City and the Grassroots (University of California Press), a comparative study of urban social movements and community organizations based on his field work in France, Spain, Latin America, and California, that received the C. Wright Mills Award in 1983; and The Informational City (Blackwell, 1989) an analysis of the urban and regional changes brought about by Information Technology and Economic Restructuring in the United States. In 1998, Manuel Castells received the Robert and Helen Lynd Award from the American Sociological Association for his lifelong contribution in the field of Community and Urban Sociology.
In 1983 Castells undertook the study of Economic and Social Transformations associated with the information technology revolution. His privileged point of observation in the San Francisco Bay Area helped his research on this topic. But he deliberately engaged in a cross-cultural approach to the subject by researching as well in Europe, Latin America and Asia for the next 15 years. The results of this work were published in his trilogy The Information Age: Economy, Society,and Culture, (Blackwell): The first volume, The Rise of the Network Society (1996, revised edition 2000); The second volume, The Power of Identity (1997) and the third volume, End of Millennium (1998, revised edition 2000). The trilogy has being reprinted 12 times in English and is translated (or in process of translation) into Spanish, French, Swedish, Chinese, Portuguese, Russian, Korean, Japanese, Croatian, Bulgarian, Turkish, German, and Italian. This book has been presented and debated by Castells in numerous academic institutions around the world, including UC Berkeley, UCLA, UC San Diego, UC Davis, City University of New York, Stanford, Harvard, Oxford, Cambridge, London, Barcelona, Seville, Amsterdam, Paris, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Buenos Aires, La Paz, Sao Paulo, and Hitotsubashi - Tokyo. Professor Castells has published 20 books, and over 100 articles in academic journals, as well as co-authored or edited 15 additional books. Among his various distinctions and awards, together with the two prizes listed above he received the 1983 C.Wright Mills Award and the 1982 Guggenheim Fellowship. He was appointed to the European Academy in 1994; and was a member of the European Commission’s High Level Expert Group on the Information Society in 1995-97. In 2000/2001 he was appointed by the United Nations General Secretary. Mr. Kofi Annan, to take part in his Advisory Board on Information and Communication Technologies and Global Development. He has been an adviser to Unesco, International Labour Office, United Nations Development Program, US Agency for International Development, European Commission, Government of Chile (Allende administration), Government of Mexico, Government of France, Government of Ecuador, State Council of the People’s Republic of China, Government of the Russian Federation, Government of Brazil, Government of Portugal, Government of Spain, and Government of South Africa.
Castells taught full time in Berkeley, sharing his time between City®ional planning and Sociology. His regular teaching offerings were: Comparative Analysis of Urban and Regional Policies (Graduate Course); Research Seminar on Regional Development; Doctoral Seminar for City®ional Planning Students; Sociology of the Information Society (Graduate Seminar); information technology & society (Undergraduate Course);. Over his university career he has been main adviser to 12 doctoral dissertations at the University of Paris, and 30 doctoral dissertations at the University of California, Berkeley.
His current research focuses on the social, economic, and spatial implications of Internet of his latest publications; The Internet Galaxy. Reflections on Internet, Business, and Society, published by Oxford University Press in 2001. He continues to work on urban issues as well. A "Castells Reader on Cities and Social Theory" edited by Ida Susser were published by Balckwell in 2001. He is also currently interested in the debate on new development strategies appropriate for the Information Age. In 2000, he addressed the United Nations’ Economic and Social Council on information technology and global development. He also toured South Africa, invited by the Centre for Higher Education Transformation, engaging in debates and conversations on development policies with academics, high ranking government officials, labour, and business leaders. In 2001 he was also conducting a study on the Finnish Model of the Information Society. Since the academic course 2001-2002, he works as Professor at the UOC (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain). Among the varied distinctions that he received in the recent years, he was awarded the French Order of Arts in 2002, the Catalonian Narcís de Monturiol Medal in 2003, Orden de Gabriela Mistral in Chile in 2005 and Orden de Santiago awarded by the President of Portugal.
Manuel Castells was Professor of City &Regional Planning, and Professor of Sociology, at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was appointed in 1979 in the Department of City &Regional Planning. Between 1994 and 1998 he served as Chair of the UC Berkeley’s Center for Western European Studies. Between 1967 and 1979 he taught Sociology at the University of Paris, first at the Nanterre Campus, and since 1970, at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. He has also been professor and director of the Institute for Sociology of New Technologies, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Research Profesor at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas in Barcelona, and a visiting professor at 15 universities in Europe, the United States, Canada, Asia, and Latin America. He has lectured at about 300 academic and professional institutions in 40 countries.