Compostela-Xunta de Galicia prize
Carla Del Ponte, V International Compostela-Xunta de Galicia Prize
The Jury of the International Compostela Group - Xunta de Galicia Prize, presided over by Manuel Fraga, President of the Regional Galician Government, and composed by the Regional Minister of Culture, Social Communication and Tourism, Jesús Pérez Varela; the Regional Minister for Education and Universities, Celso Currás Fernández; the Director General for Universities, José Eduardo López Pereira; the President of the Compostela Group of Universities, Prof. Michael Cooper, from Karlstad University, Sweden; the Rector of Zaragoza University, Prof. Felipe Pétriz, represented by the Vice-Rector for International Relations, Prof. Mercedes Jaime Sisó; the Rector of Karlstad University, Prof. Christina Ullenius, represented by the Vice-Rector, Prof. Bengt-Ove Gustavsson; the Rector of Freiburg University (Switzerland), Prof. Paul-Henri Steinauer, represented by the Vice-Rector Prof. Georges Darms and Marta González, Secretary of the Compostela Group of Universities and Secretary of the Jury, awarded the V Compostela Prize to Carla del Ponte after a long deliberation amongst its members. Carla del Ponte received the Compostela Prize the 6th September 2001, during the VII General Assembly of the Group, at Karlstad University (Sweden).
General Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. She was born in February 1947, in Lugano, Switzerland and worked as a lawyer in Berne, Geneva and Lugano, as well as being the Swiss Attorney-General. Since 1981, she has been working in various high profile cases, against organized crime, financial and economic crimes, terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, illegal trafficking in arms and for international legal cooperation in these issues.
Her work in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia is the main reason why she has been awarded the Compostela Prize.
The Tribunal, located in The Hague, Netherlands, was established by Security Council resolution 827 on 25 May 1993. Its objective is to prosecute and try persons allegedly responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed on the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. For the first time in history, an acting Head of State, Slobodan Milosevic, has been accused of “crimes against mankind” on April 22 1999.
The Tribunal´s authority is to prosecute and try four types of offences:
- Grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Article 2);
- Violations of the laws or customs of war (Article 3);
- Genocide (Article 4);
- Crimes against humanity (Article 5).